Americans with Disabilities Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. The ADA was signed into law on July 26, 1990. The Act was intended to help break down barriers to employment, transportation, public accommodations, public services, and telecommunications for individuals with disabilities. The Act defines a person as "disabled" if they meet one of the following criteria:
1. He or she has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of his/her major life activities
2. He or she has a record of such impairment
3. He or she is regarded as having such impairment.
While the employment provisions of the ADA apply to employers of fifteen employees or more, its public accommodations provisions apply to all sizes of business, regardless of number of employees. State and local governments are covered regardless of size.